Van Briggle actual marking of years was basically nonexistent after Fire, flood, and several different owners all contributed to the myriad of bottom markings, leaving no consistency to identification of Van Briggle pottery. Thousands of dollars, as well as embarrassment, are the result of correct or incorrect recognition. I have seen unknowledgeable people buy “new”, assuming it is old, and pay a hefty price for it. Sellers also make the same mistakes- Hopefully, with a lot of “hands on” experience and some advice from this page, we can make decisions a little easier for buyers and sellers of Van Briggle. Nothing will make up for actually looking at and handling VB, we can talk all day, but seeing first hand is the best way to learn. Clay types, knowledge of glazes and markings are also needed.

Dating Gold Hallmarks

The movie is about a Christmas Cookie Crawl where homes decorate themselves to the hilt and people participate in a friendly baking competition. First, the trees are absolutely stunning. Were you in awe of them too? Crown Media It seems like some of the decorations had a strong red-and-gold theme going on, which was absolutely perfect. Crown Media The red holly berry decorations are always a nice touch.

Crown Media This particular ornament is absolutely adorable.

Why Vintage Jewelry Marks are Important. Maybe you’ve just acquired some vintage jewelry from a family member or friend. Or you found some nice vintage jewelry at a .

Issued over long period of time Letter ‘K’ beneath the cannonballs, this stands for the designer – Ludwig Kachel. Medal details are quite nice. Ribbon appears original, shows wear. Considered by many to be one of the most attractive amongst the World’s orders. Unique in utilizing highly domed green glass inserts in the arms. Intricate floral motifs between arms – original ‘frosted silver’ finishing still intact. Sword tips and hilts attached with typical, round domed rivets.

Silver frame and gilded swords, reverse’s centre ring an the lion appears to be manufactured in gold. Center painting in great condition, as is the reverse’s red enamel. Unmarked – this is normal for Knight class insignia.

A Peterson Dating Guide; A Rule of Thumb

Having first identified the makers marks, place of origin and age of your items makes it easier to research them further. Likewise, appraising and evaluating your items by finding similar examples that have actually sold, helps you determine their worth and gives you a better understanding of current market conditions. In turn, this valuable information leads to better decisions when buying or selling and can prevent costly mistakes in paying too much or selling too low.

It also helps in describing or listing your items using the correct terms to attract more buyers. And in the case of family heirlooms, it enables you to delve more deeply into their history.

The FIFA World Cup was the 21st FIFA World Cup, an international football tournament contested by the men’s national teams of the member associations of FIFA once every four years. It took place in Russia from 14 June to 15 July It was the first World Cup to be held in Eastern Europe, and the 11th time that it had been held in Europe. At an estimated cost of over $ billion, it.

Dear Captain Awkward, I am a 34 year old straight woman in an open marriage with a 39 year straight man. I have taken far more advantage of the openness of our marriage than my husband, at least until recently. I have had a string of long-term affairs and short-term flings. During the past 8 months I have basically been living with another man in a neighbouring town to the one I live in.

I am drawn to men who are starkly different than my husband, who is an intellectual, moderate in terms of his vices and has a disdain for the type of men who spend every evening in a pub. I have a drinking problem but it is not a problem I feel any need to resolve and I am drawn to men who are also drinkers like me. I can have a glass of wine in the morning and drink until I pass out in the afternoon and wake up when my lover comes home and go to the pub with him and start drinking again.

This past Sunday my lover and I went to a country pub and I glanced in the dining room and saw my husband with a beautiful older woman, but not just any woman. It was my mother and, from the way they looked at each other and were touching, I could tell instantly that it was more than a friendly lunch; they were quite obviously in love with each other. My husband, who is also handsome and fit, looked like he was happier than I had ever seen him.

Collecting Antique Silver

Home Dates London Date Letters Click on the letter you want to date or on a date letter cycle column in the table below to see a larger view scroll down for earlier dates: It has been in operation since the s when a law of Edward I required all silver sold in England to be of at least the same quality as the silver currency hence the term “sterling” for the silver standard. Originally the assayer would visit the workshops of the gold- and silversmiths to perform the assay.

If items passed they were authenticated with the King’s mark, a leopard’s head.

Vintage Basketball Memorabilia. Vintage Basketball Equipment. ‘s Eyeglass Protectors, unknown manufacturer. Missing head strap. Light rust. Adult size.

Outside hinge with 3 barrels: Many of the early hinges were replaced, as have been some later ones, so the hinge barrel count is not always absolutely accurate as it is possible a repair replacement has been made. The appearance wasn’t so great and there was a tendency to rust, so a black crackle paint was used on these lighters. Black crackle Zippos were apparently produced only for shipment to armed forces overseas and none were produced for domestic sales. The difference between a and Zippo can be determined by the insert as the ones had markings on them.

The information presented here came from researching a number of Internet sites with bits and pieces from each.

Lladro Marks & Trademarks Reference Guide – Date and Authenticate Your Lladro Figurine

He was a blacksmith by trade. Henry arrived in New York and found a job at a buckle company making shoe buckles. He learned a lot about the fashion industry on the job and this training served him well. Designed jewelry for others such as Dior. Models wore his costume jewelry on the catwalks. Schreiner jewelry is not all signed.

Karats, spelled “carats” outside of North America, are the little numbers stamped on a piece of gold in the format of “xxK” or “xxKT”. The numbers refer to the type of gold and to the actual gold content in the particular piece of jewelry.

A Hummel figurine can be dated by the marking or trademark on the underside of its base. This mark is also referred to as the backstamp, stamp, or figure. This is very important as Hummel values are determined by age as well as scarcity. An older version of a figurine can command a much higher price than one which was made at a later date. It’s also important for authenticating a figurine as one lacking one of the following marks is quite likely to be a forgery.

The following markings are the standard backstamps you are most likely to see on the vast majority of Hummel figurines. However be aware that according to the M. Hummel company, sometimes rare and undocumented variations have been known to surface. From the first figurine in until the following 3 trademarks were used. After the end of World War II the United States permitted Goebel to export figurines which had previously been prohibited for exportation.

Hummel Marks & Trademarks Reference Guide – Date and Authenticate Your Hummel Figurine

Or you found some nice vintage jewelry at a yard or garage sale or at the thrift shop. Whether you plan to keep the jewelry as a family heirloom or would like to resell it, a knowledge of vintage jewelry marks will help you to identify and date it properly. Marks commonly used in vintage silver jewelry Purity marks for older silver pieces can differ from those commonly seen today.

Various gold purity marks commonly found on vintage and antique jewelry A hallmark can also include other marks, such as: Patent numbers are especially helpful when dating older vintage jewelry, and will be covered in a separate article in this series.

British hallmarks on silver The history of hallmarking in Britain began in the year in the reign of King Edward the first. It is thus lengthy, and also surprisingly complicated.

Here you will find history information on the well-known brand, as well as photographs of the various Monet signatures that have been used over the years that will help you date your pieces and ensure their authenticity. Dating can sometimes prove difficult and people can be misinformed with the information that where the copywriter symbol is absent from a piece it will date it pre , however there are many pieces that look to have been produced in the s and possibly late s? A full listing of the pieces used in the photos displayed throughout this page can be found at the bottom of the page.

If you have searched through my items for sale you are sure to notice that I have considerable more Monet jewellery pieces listed compared to any other designer. As mentioned in my Welcome introduction, my love for vintage jewellery began with Chanel. Whilst Chanel is renowned for encouraging women to “fake it” by adorning themselves in faux pearls and jewels that were more affordable than fine jewellery, for the average woman looking to expand their accessory collection, Chanel may be out of the price range.

Monet jewellery by comparison is far more affordable and accessible for collectors and once you explore the collections that span the decades of the s – 80s and beyond, you will agree that the quality, design and craftmanship make Monet jewellery items an investment for the future. From simple classic designs to intricate statement pieces, Monet takes you from day to evening and everything in between.

However, the difference I have found with Monet from the early years, compared to other designer brands, is that majority of their pieces were made solely of plated metal without the use of “gem” embellishments, a fact that some collectors would suggest make their items less collectable. Not only does this book provide a fantastic history of the company, it showcases the most amazing creations by Monet Jewelers with particular focus on the s to 70s captured by photographer Terry Niefield.

This book took me from an admirer, to a collector of Monet and is highly recommended as a reference tool for anyone looking to explore the wonderful world of Monet with series names, release dates, original prices, Advertising and Mat pages. Even if you are not looking to collect these pieces it would make a fantastic “coffee table book” for the lover of jewellery in general.

A History Of Comoy’s and A Guide Toward Dating the Pipes

Apart from imperial reign periods, specific date marks are almost of an unlimited nature ranging from just the year to a combination of reign period, year and precise day. Although they are not found frequently on Chinese ceramics their potential diversity is considerable. My dating table above will, with a little familiarity, enable the user to translate most types of date mark. The only difficulty arises when in the case of a long mark the date may be added to an inscription of dedication to an event, person or place.

Years are given unique names within the 60 year cycle by combining two characters. This results in the Ten Stems recurring six times and the Twelve Branches only five times providing a unique set of non-recurring combinations throughout the 60 year cycle, known as the jiazi, The main problem with this system is that without any further information there is no way of knowing which cycle you are dealing with.

english electroplate silver marks and hallmarks of sheffield and birmingham silver plate makers with the addition of other british, scottish and irish manufacturers.

Hallmarks are a legal requirement on products of a certain weight — depending on the metal being marked. These are incredibly important to us at H. You’ll have seen the term briefly mentioned in many of our guides. The Reason for Hallmarks Gold and silver are expensive in their pure forms and are too soft to be used for jewellery, so they are mixed with other metals known as alloys, to make them affordable and stronger.

Platinum’s density and weight means when combined with other metals it makes it easier to craft. Palladium is rarely used in its purest form, with alloys added it achieves the desired strength and durability. It can be tricky to see the physical difference between metals such as white gold, platinum and palladium, as they can be very similar in colour, but do vary dramatically in price. How to Recognise Hallmarks — what to look out for A hallmark consists of three parts, which was made compulsory from 1st January This symbol indicates the individual or firm, accountable for sending the item to assay.

Anyone can do this, from manufacturers, retailers to hobbyists. The sponsor must register this mark and pay a fee at any of the four offices.

London Date Letters

Leo Krussman joined Trifari in , and Carl Fishel joined as head of sales in Trifari vintage jewelry pieces from this era are extremely rare, as the mark was only used for several years. Alfred Philippe and Trifari Vintage Jewelry In Trifari hired Alfred Philippe as head designer, and that is when the company really began to take off. The designs he created for Trifari vintage jewelry have the style and glamour of fine jewelry and were very popular. This began an era of Trifari dominance in the industry which lasted for many years.

Union Forces of the American Civil War by Phillip Katcher Arms and Armour publication. Card covers, 46 pages, copious black and white images.

These five nations have, historically, provided a wealth of information about a piece through their series of applied punches. London assay office hallmarks on the back of a waiter, or small square salver. Marks indicate it is Britannia gauge silver made by or for Paul de Lamerie taken to or in London and dated it could have been made a year or two earlier than A stamp indicating the purity of the silver is called the assayer’s mark.

The mark for silver meeting the sterling standard of purity is the Lion Passant , but there have been other variations over the years, most notably the mark indicating Britannia purity. The Britannia standard was obligatory in Britain between and to try to help prevent British sterling silver coins from being melted to make silver plate. It became an optional standard thereafter, and in the United Kingdom and Ireland is now denoted by the millesimal fineness hallmark ” “, with the symbol of Britannia being applied optionally.

The purity mark for Irish silver is the harp crowned. The date mark is a letter indicating the exact year in which the piece was made. The typeface, whether the letter is uppercase or lowercase, and even the shape inside which the letter is stamped, must all be taken together to determine the year. The city mark no longer indicates the city in which the piece was assayed, or that the item was assayed in the UK.

Lesson 2 – Definitions of Gold Markings